During this one-day continuing education opportunity, Jonathan Congdon, DVM, MS, DACVAA, will discuss a variety of topics related to small animal anesthesia including:

  • An explanation of what general anesthesia is and what the associated effects and side effects of it are,
  • Anesthetic management and training management of hypotension,
    An introduction to capnography,
  • A review the major factors to consider for anesthetic management of DMVD, HCM and DCM,
  • Regional anesthesia for the small animal practitioner, and
  • How to choose sedatives and sedative drug combinations for felines.

Featured Speaker

Jonathan Congdon


North Carolina

Dr. Congdon received his veterinary training and degree at Colorado State University in 2006. In preparation for veterinary school, he completed a one-year master’s degree at CSU in 2001, focusing on mammalian anatomy and physiology. After a year of graduate school, he continued his education at Colorado State’s James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital’s anesthesia department as an emergency anesthesia technician. He continued in this role for five years as he started veterinary school in 2002. He completed board-certification and became a Diplomate of the College of Veterinary Anesthesia & Analgesia in September 2011.

Dr. Congdon worked in a private referral practice outside Milwaukee, Wisconsin from 2011 – 2018, training veterinary technicians, emergency interns, staff emergency doctors, as well as overseeing the anesthesia caseload. He also worked continuously to provide CE and outreach in the community, speaking at many hospitals, providing evening CE events, as well as lectures and talks for the public. He has been fortunate to asked to participate and provide CE lectures at IVECCS, AVMA and state VMA conferences.

In April 2018, Dr. Congdon joined NC State to help create and oversee the NC State Veterinary MRI service.

Event Schedule

May 23 / 9 a.m.-4:30 p.m.

8:30 a.m.


9:00 a.m.

Program Begins

What Exactly IS General Anesthesia?

The state of drug induced unconsciousness that we call General Anesthesia (GA) can be defined in a variety of ways; with a traditional textbook definition, as a process from start to finish, or as a combination of variables that the anesthetist can consider before developing a plan. Regardless of what perspective makes sense to any particular individual, all of these perspectives share the common end result of producing unconsciousness, and the associated effects and side effects. The lecture is aimed at reviewing these three perspectives, and describing how looking at anesthesia a little differently can prepare the anesthetist for the most common complications associated with GA. Having this background is, in the speaker’s opinion, the foundation on which all other anesthesia lectures can lie upon, as it creates a framework for understanding WHY we do what we do as anesthetists.

Determinants of Arterial Blood Pressure and Mechanisms for Targeted Treatment of Hypotension

Hypotension is the most common complication during small animal anesthesia. The lecture will review some physiology behind mean arterial blood pressure, the mechanisms by which blood pressure decreases, and a strategy for understanding and treating hypotension in a targeted, goal directed manner. My aim is to provide a clinical tool for anesthetic management and training management of hypotension.

Anesthesia & Co-existing Disease: Heart Disease

Planning for anesthetic management of these forms of heart disease require a complete understanding of pathophysiology and status of disease, available pre-anesthetic diagnostics, the effects of general anesthesia, as well as the pharmacology of sedatives and anesthetics. The goal of the lecture is to review the major factors to consider for anesthetic management of DMVD, HCM,and DCM.

Introduction to Capnography

Capnography is the one the most versatile, continuous, non-invasive monitoring tools available to veterinary anesthetists. Capnography allows for the measurement of carbon dioxide (CO2) throughout the inspiratory and expiratory phases of breathing, and the measurement of the concentration of CO2 at the end of the single breath (or single Tidal Volume). This concentration is referred to as End-Tidal CO2 (ET- CO2). ET-CO2 is not only indicative of the quality of ventilation, but also to perfusion and metabolism as well as can indicate malfunctions of the anesthesia machine. For these reasons, capnography is an indispensable monitoring tool, and provides a distinct advantage over other monitoring parameters. Unfortunately, capnography can seem to have a steep learning curve. It is the goal of the lecture to explain how capnography works, and how it can show the adequacy of ventilation, the quality of the breath, the perfusion status of the patient, and about the anesthesia machine.

Regional Anesthesia for The Small Animal Practitioner: Regional Blocks You Can Use Tomorrow

Local anesthetics (LAs) are some of the most powerful analgesics that we have in our armory, as the only drugs class that has the potential to completely interrupt the pain pathway and prevent noxious stimuli from being transmitted from the peripheral nociceptors to the central nervous system. In reducing or eliminating the central perception of pain, doses and necessity of other anesthetics and analgesics can be significantly reduced. Despite increased popularity, there remains a steep learning curve for introducing regional anesthetic techniques into clinical practice. Methods for delivering LAs include blind techniques, nerve locator guidance, ultrasound guidance or possibly more advanced imaging modalities.

Introduction of ‘non-guided’ regional anesthetic techniques depend on wide knowledge of gross anatomy and peripheral nerve sensory distribution (e.g. dermatome maps). It is important to note that there is a subset of regional anesthesia techniques that are NOT recommended without a guided technique as the regional anatomy is variable, or soft tissue only, and attempting a blind technique will risk damaging structures, or carry a high risk of a failed block. Interested individuals are recommended to seek out reference material or attend one of the many regional anesthesia training courses currently available.

Sedation for the Fractious Feline – Lets make EVERYONE calmer…

Choosing sedatives and sedative drug combinations for cats can be fraught with difficulty, due to the inconsistency in the onset, degree and depth of sedation, or for the potential for creating unwanted states of anesthesia. There are many combinations recommended and discussed in textbooks, print media, message boards and websites, and many practitioners have their favorites. The goal of the lecture is to discuss some relative pros and cons of individual drugs, and some drug combinations, so the practitioner is armed with the knowledge of outcomes for sedation protocols.

4:30 p.m.



Chippewa Valley Technical College Business Education Center
620 W Clairemont Ave
Eau Claire, WI 54701
(715) 833-6200


  • Member

  • $120
  • Pre-registration required. No walk-ins will be accepted. The WVMA must be made aware of substitutions prior to the date of the event. No refunds.

  • Non-Member

  • $ 160
  • Pre-registration required. No walk-ins will be accepted. The WVMA must be made aware of substitutions prior to the date of the event. No refunds.

  • Student Member

  • $ 30
  • Pre-registration required. No walk-ins will be accepted. The WVMA must be made aware of substitutions prior to the date of the event. No refunds.

  • Student Non-Member

  • $ 60
  • Pre-registration required. No walk-ins will be accepted. The WVMA must be made aware of substitutions prior to the date of the event. No refunds.

Generously sponsored by:

Become an Event Sponsor